1. بوکت
  2. علوم انسانی
  3. ایران شناسی گرایش ایران شناسی عمومی
  4. تاریخ معاصر ایران
  5. کتاب معرکه تنباکو، میان‌پرده تجارت تنباکوی ایران با مصر 1919 - 1897

معرکه تنباکو، میان‌پرده تجارت تنباکوی ایران با مصر 1919 - 1897


نویسنده : دکتر کریم سلیمانی دهکردی


درباره کتاب معرکه تنباکو، میان‌پرده تجارت تنباکوی ایران با مصر 1919 - 1897

دولت ایران به دلیل لغو امتیاز تالبوت به شدت متضرر شد، زیرا به پرداخت غرامت سنگین به صاحب امتیاز انگلیسی مجبور گردید و از آن پس، تنباکو کالایی سیاسی شد. پس از این رویداد مهم، دولت ایران امتیاز فروش تنباکو را به یک شرکت عثمانی واگذار کرد و هم‎چنین با دولت مصر و سپس با تبعه‌ای مصری به نام خلیل خیاط پاشا قرارداد واگذاری انحصار تنباکو برای فروش آن در کشور مصر را منعقد نمود. شرکت تنباکوی عثمانی در قرارداد 1892 خود با دولت ایران اجازه داشت به کشور مصر نیز تنباکو بفروشد؛ به همین دلیل، این شرکت قراردادی با خلیل خیاط پاشا به امضا رساند، که به نمایندگی از شرکت، تنباکوی ایران را در مصر به فروش برساند؛ ولی دولت ایران، برخلاف قرارداد خود با شرکت تنباکوی عثمانی، در سال 1894 به‎طور موازی با خلیل خیاط پاشا قرارداد واگذاری انحصاری فروش تنباکو در مصر را منعقد کرد. این رفتار ناپسند دولت ایران با صاحبان امتیاز تنباکو، مرزهای حقوقی در مناسبات تجاری متقابل میان دولت ایران با شرکت تنباکوی عثمانی و خلیل خیاط پاشا را چنان در هم فروبرد، که بازشناسی موقعیت تاریخی این کالا (تنباکو)، که پس از جنبش تنباکو، به شدت سیاسی هم شده بود، به معضلی اساسی تبدیل شد. از سوی دیگر، دولت ایران دربارۀ تجارت همزمان تنباکو با عثمانی و مصر سکوت کامل اختیار کرد. به همین دلیل است که در خصوص تجارت تنباکو با مصر، اطلاعات بسیار اندکی در منابع دست اول وجود دارد و حتی در مطبوعات دوران انقلاب مشروطیت کمترین بازتاب را یافته است. اگر بگوییم محققان از تجارت تنباکوی ایران با کشور مصر بی‎خبر مانده‎اند، گزاف نگفته‌ایم. این پژوهش به طور عمده بر اسناد سازمان اسناد ملی ایران و آرشیو وزارت امور خارجه ایران متکی است. این اسناد، بسیاری از نکات تاریک و برجای مانده از تاریخ تجارت تنباکوی ایران و مصر را آشکار می‌کنند. یادآوری این نکته ضروری است که قرارداد منعقدشده میان دولت ایران و شرکت تنباکوی عثمانی و نیز خلیل خیاط پاشا به مراتب زیان‎آورتر از قرارداد تالبوت بود. به عبارتی، هرچند جنبش تنباکو دستاوردی صرفاً سیاسی به‌همراه داشت، ولی از نظر اقتصادی هم برای دولت ایران و هم برای کشاورزان ایرانی زیان‎بار بود.

سال
۱۳۹۸
تعداد صفحات
۲۰۶
شابک
978-964-457-446-7
ایبوک شما local_library
نسخه دیجیتال smartphone laptop_chromebook
قابل مطالعه فقط در پلتفرم‌های بوکت
Booket Svg Logo
نسخه فیزیکی library_books
ارسال از طریق شرکت ملی پست ایران
شرکت ملی پست ایران

مشخصات کتاب معرکه تنباکو، میان‌پرده تجارت تنباکوی ایران با مصر 1919 - 1897


  • نام کتاب معرکه تنباکو، میان‌پرده تجارت تنباکوی ایران با مصر 1919 - 1897
  • نویسنده دکتر کریم سلیمانی دهکردی
  • سال انتشار ۱۳۹۸
  • فرمت کتاب BKT
  • تعداد صفحات ۲۰۶
  • انتشارات دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
  • شابک(ISBN) 978-964-457-446-7
  • نوبت چاپ 1
  • قیمت نسخه الکترونیک ۱۲‌,‌۰۰۰ تومان
  • قیمت نسخه چاپی ۳۰‌,‌۰۰۰ تومان

کتاب‌های مشابه کتاب معرکه تنباکو، میان‌پرده تجارت تنباکوی ایران با مصر 1919 - 1897

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