1. بوکت
  2. فنی و مهندسی
  3. مهندسی مکانیزاسیون کشاورزی
  4. اصول مهندسی فرآوری مواد غذایی و محصولات کشاورزی
  5. کتاب آب و کشاورزی پایدار

آب و کشاورزی پایدار


نویسندگان : ایوان فرانسیسکو گارسیا ـ تخرو , ویکتور هوگو دوران ـ سویاسو , خوسه لوییس موریل ـ فرناندس , کارمن روسیو رودریگس ـ پلگسویلو

مترجمان : دکتر هدا محمدی , دکتر رضا میرزایی تالارپشتی


درباره کتاب آب و کشاورزی پایدار

کشاورزی فاریاب بخش مهمی از کشاورزی است که غلات، سبزیجات، میوه‌ها و همچنین غذای مورد نیاز بسیاری از حیوانات اهلی مورد استفاده انسان را تامین می‌کند؛ بنابراین، کشاورزی اصلی‌ترین مصرف‌کننده آب‌شیرین دنیاست. فعالیت‌های کشاورزی، در برخی موارد، از لحاظ زیستی و اقتصادی و اجتماعی ناپایدارند و سبب اتلاف آب و انرژی و سرمایه، آسیب‌دیدن زیست‌بوم‌‌های خشکی، رودخانه‌ها، دریاچه‌ها، آبزیان، حیات‌وحش، و نیز سبب آلودگی آب‌ها و کاهش عملکرد می‌شوند. از سوی دیگر، محدودیت شدید منابع آب ناشی از رشد جمعیت و افزایش تقاضا برای آن و تهدیدهای ناشی از تغییر اقلیم، جهت‌گیری‌های توسعۀ بخش کشاورزی را از الگوهای مبتنی بر رشد به الگوهای مبتنی بر توسعۀ پایدار سوق داده است. در این بین چالش‌های مربوط به منابع پایۀ تولید یعنی آب و خاک بیشتر از دیگر موارد تولیدات کشاورزی کشور را تحت تاثیر قرار داده است و با تغییرات اقلیمی شدت بیشتری می‌یابد. ایران با سرانۀ منابع آب تجدیدپذیر 1718 متر مکعب در سال در وضیعت بحران شدید آبی قرار دارد. به همین دلیل، بسیار ضروری است که میزان مصرف آب کاهش یابد و تولید مواد غذایی، با هزینه‌های اجتماعی و زیست‌محیطی کمتر، افزایش یابد. برای تضمین آبیاری پایدار، شرایطی لازم است که طی آن تولید محصولات زراعی، در دوره‌ای طولانی، از ثبات برخوردار باشد. در عین حال، زوال و تخریب خاک بر اثر تجمع نمک‌ها، استخراج آب‌های زیرزمینی و آثار منفی زه‌‌آب‌ها در جریان‌های آب پایین‌دست و محیط‌زیست باید به کمترین میزان برسد. از این رو، برای مدیریت منابع آب، باید بین نیاز آبیِ بخش کشاورزی و نیاز محیط‌زیست پایدار تعادلی برقرار شود و در نتیجه، میان آبیاری و کارآیی مصرف آب برای افزایش تولید و بهبود کیفیت غذا، به‌ویژه در مناطق مواجه با مشکل کمبود آب، باید ارتباط نزدیکی شکل بگیرد. پیشرفت‌های خاصی که از طریق روش‌های کم‌آبیاری (که پایداری آن‌ها به اثبات رسیده است) به دست آمده، باعث جلوگیری از مصرف بیش‌ازحد منابع آب می‌شود. در حال حاضر، در سیستم­های نوین آبیاری، فناوری کود‌دهی و روش‌های زراعی تغییرات چشمگیری رخ داده است. این اجزا چارچوب اصلی موفقیت کشاورزی پایدار را شکل می‌دهند. در این کتاب، برخی از این راهکارها و ارتباط آن‌ها با روش‌های آبیاری سازگار با محیط‌زیست و همچنین، روش برقراری تعادل بین حفاظت از محیط‌‌زیست و بهبود تولیدات کشاورزی معرفی شده و بر این نکته تاکید شده است که آبیاری پایدار باید بر کاربرد دقیق و متعادل آب، با توجه به دانش کشاورزی درمورد‌نیاز گیاهان به آب، متکی باشد.

سال
۱۳۹۸
تعداد صفحات
۱۷۲
شابک
978-964-457-439-9
ایبوک شما local_library
نسخه دیجیتال smartphone laptop_chromebook
قابل مطالعه فقط در پلتفرم‌های بوکت
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نسخه فیزیکی library_books
ارسال از طریق شرکت ملی پست ایران
شرکت ملی پست ایران

مشخصات کتاب آب و کشاورزی پایدار



کتاب‌های مشابه کتاب آب و کشاورزی پایدار

درس‌ها

اصول مهندسی فرآوری مواد غذایی و محصولات کشاورزی آزمونهای غیر مخرب در کشاورزی خواص مهندسی محصولات کشاورزی سامانه‌های فتوولتائیک در کشاورزی طراحی ماشین‌های کشاورزی تکمیلی کاربرد انرژی هسته‌ای در کشاورزی مبانی کشاورزی دقیق مهندسی ماشینهای فرآوری پسماند در کشاورزی اثرات زیست محیطی توسعه منابع آب اجرای شبکه‌های آب و فاضلاب و کارگاه ازدیاد برداشت به روش تزریق آب گاز اصول آبخیزداری درمناطق نیمه خشک اصول آبیاری اصول آبیاری و زهکشی در مناطق خشک اصول تبدیل و نگهداری فرآورده‌های کشاورزی اصول تبدیل و نگهداری فرآورده‌های کشاورزی اصول تصفیه آب و پساب های صنعتی اصول تصفیه آبها و فاضلاب صنعتی و آزمایشگاه اصول تصفیه و بهسازی منابع آب اصول تغذیه آبزیان

رشته ها

مهندسی مکانیزاسیون کشاورزی مهندسی مکانیک بیوسیستم ژئومورفولوژی گرایش برنامه ریزی محیطی کارشناسی مهندسی عمران مهندسی نفت گرایش حفاری تکنولوژی مرتع و آبخیزداری اقتصاد کشاورزی مدیریت مناطق خشک و بیابانی دامپروری کارشناسی اقتصاد کشاورزی شیمی کاربردی مهندسی ایمنی (حفاظت فنی) بهداشت محیط منبع طبیعی مهندسی شیلات

گروه های تحصیلی

فنی و مهندسی علوم انسانی علوم تجربی

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تمام فصول سال برای آن تقاضا وجود دارد، این در حالی است که تولید آن در یک فصل خاص صورت می گیرد. تولید پیاز در کشور همواره از یک روند سینوسی برخوردار بوده است. دلیل این امر را می توان در نوسانات قیمت این محصول در بازار و به تبع آن افزایش یا کاهش سطح زیر کشت پیاز در سال بعد از آن جستجو کرد. همچنین قیمت محصولات رقیب در بازار، از جمله سیب زمینی، تاثیر قابل توجهی در تعیین سطح زیر کشت و تولید پیاز دارد. به طوری که این دو محصول از پدیده تار عنکبوتی در بخش کشاورزی پیروی می نمایند. از سوی دیگر، نوسانات تولید این محصول بر صادرات و واردات آن نیز تاثیر گذار بوده و سیاست های حمایتی و تنظیمی دولت را نیز تحت تاثیر قرار داده است. از این رو جلو گیری از نوسانات قیمت این محصول همواره جزو دغدغه های سیاست گذاران می باشد. به این ترتیب، موسسه مطالعات و پژوهش های بازرگانی در راستای وظایف پژوهشی خود اقدام به بررسی بازار پیاز نموده است. هدف از انجام این تحقیق، یافتن راه های مناسب جهت کاهش نوسانات تولید و قیمت، کاهش ضایعات در مسیر تولید و توزیع و همین طور ایجاد ثبات در تجارت خارجی این محصول می باشد. این کتاب مشتمل بر بررسی بازار جهانی پیاز و مولفه های مهم آن، بررسی بازار داخلی پیاز، بررسی سیاست های تنظیم بازار در ایران و برخی کشورها، بررسی تاثیر سیاست های اتخاذ شده بر مولفه های مهم بازار و در نهایت ارایه بسته سیاستی برای بهبود بازار این کالا است.","publisher":null,"titleLink":"%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B2%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D9%BE%DB%8C%D8%A7%D8%B2","price_fa":"۲‌,‌۰۰۰"},{"id":3795529,"token":"cb451e01b81184ce","front_cover":{"thumbnail":"/storage/files/styles/thumbnail/books/cb451e01b81184ce/front.jpg","medium":"/storage/files/styles/medium/books/cb451e01b81184ce/front.jpg","medium_rounded":"/storage/files/styles/medium_rounded/books/cb451e01b81184ce/front.png","large":"/storage/files/styles/large/books/cb451e01b81184ce/front.jpg","medium_trans":"/storage/files/styles/medium_trans/books/cb451e01b81184ce/front.png","medium_zoom_fit":"/storage/files/styles/medium_zoom_fit/books/cb451e01b81184ce/front.png"},"price":20000,"ebook_price":10000,"print_price":20000,"rent_3_price":5000,"rent_6_price":7000,"rent_12_price":-1,"rent_1_week_price":-1,"title":"بازار حبوبات","description":"\"حبوبات پس از غلات، دومین منبع مهم غذایی بوده و مصرف آن در ایران همانند سایر کشورهای در حال توسعه عمدتا ناشی از تقاضای مصرفی آن به عنوان غذای انسان می باشد. گروه حبوبات مهمترین منبع تامین غذای بخش بزرگی از خانوارهای روستایی و شهری کشور است. علاوه بر این ایران از تولید کنندگان عمده حبوبات در جهان به شمار می رود و سالانه بخشی از حبوبات تولیدی (به ویژه محصول نخود)، به خارج از کشور صادر می گردد اما در سال های اخیر به دلیل مسایلی مانند کاهش سطح زیر کشت و تولید حبوبات، افزایش واردات و رشد قیمت ها، بازار حبوبات را دچار اخلال کرده است.\r\nدخالت دولت در بازار حبوبات سابقه چندان زیادی ندارد. به لحاظ تاریخی تا قبل از سال 1361 و حتی قبل از انقلاب اسلامی سیاست حمایتی خاصی در جهت تنظیم بازار حبوبات وجود نداشته است. با توجه به اینکه حبوبات جزو محصولات استرانژ بک فدایی همانند گندم، برنج و سایر محصولات اساسی غذایی (شکر، روغن نباتی، گوشت و مرغ و تخم مرغ و...) نبوده و از طرفی به لحاظ وجود تعادل در بازار حبوبات، نیازی به اتخاذ سیاست های حمایتی مستقیم در ارتباط با تنظیم بازار حبوبات مورد توجه نبوده و مبادلات حبوبات عمدتا به صورت آزاد انجام گرفته و نیازی به دخالت دولت در بازار محصول نبوده است و مداخله دولت صرفا به مواردی محدود گردیده که بازار به دلایل مختلف از تعادل خارج گردیده است. با این وجود به دلیل اهمیت حبوبات در اقتصاد کشاورزی و همچنین جیره غذایی خانوارها، موسسه مطالعات و پژوهشهای بازرگانی در راستای وظایف پژوهشی خود اقدام به بررسی بازار حبوبات نموده است. این مطالعه در برگیرنده بررسی بازار جهانی، بازار داخلی، بررسی سیاست رازابهای تنظیم در کشورهای منتخب و ایران و همچنین تاثیر سیاست‌های اتخاذ شده برمولفه‌های بازار و در نهایت بسته سیاستی برای بهبود تنظیم بازار این محصول است. \r\nحبوبات پس از غلات، دومین منبع مهم غذایی بوده و مصرف آن در ایران همانند سایر کشورهای در حال توسعه عمدتا ناشی از تقاضای مصرفی آن به عنوان غذای انسان می باشد. گروه حبوبات مهمترین منبع تامین غذای بخش بزرگی از خانوارهای روستایی و شهری کشور است. علاوه بر این ایران از تولید کنندگان عمده حبوبات در جهان به شمار می رود و سالانه بخشی از حبوبات تولیدی (به ویژه محصول نخود)، به خارج از کشور صادر می گردد اما در سال های اخیر به دلیل مسایلی مانند کاهش سطح زیر کشت و تولید حبوبات، افزایش واردات و رشد قیمت ها، بازار حبوبات را دچار اخلال کرده است.\r\nدخالت دولت در بازار حبوبات سابقه چندان زیادی ندارد. به لحاظ تاریخی تا قبل از سال 1361 و حتی قبل از انقلاب اسلامی سیاست حمایتی خاصی در جهت تنظیم بازار حبوبات وجود نداشته است. با توجه به اینکه حبوبات جزو محصولات استرانژ بک فدایی همانند گندم، برنج و سایر محصولات اساسی غذایی (شکر، روغن نباتی، گوشت و مرغ و تخم مرغ و...) نبوده و از طرفی به لحاظ وجود تعادل در بازار حبوبات، نیازی به اتخاذ سیاست های حمایتی مستقیم در ارتباط با تنظیم بازار حبوبات مورد توجه نبوده و مبادلات حبوبات عمدتا به صورت آزاد انجام گرفته و نیازی به دخالت دولت در بازار محصول نبوده است و مداخله دولت صرفا به مواردی محدود گردیده که بازار به دلایل مختلف از تعادل خارج گردیده است. با این وجود به دلیل اهمیت حبوبات در اقتصاد کشاورزی و همچنین جیره غذایی خانوارها، موسسه مطالعات و پژوهشهای بازرگانی در راستای وظایف پژوهشی خود اقدام به بررسی بازار حبوبات نموده است. این مطالعه در برگیرنده بررسی بازار جهانی، بازار داخلی، بررسی سیاست رازابهای تنظیم در کشورهای منتخب و ایران و همچنین تاثیر سیاست‌های اتخاذ شده برمولفه‌های بازار و در نهایت بسته سیاستی برای بهبود تنظیم بازار این محصول است.","publisher":null,"titleLink":"%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B2%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%AD%D8%A8%D9%88%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%AA","price_fa":"۲۰‌,‌۰۰۰"},{"id":3795532,"token":"3b2582bd16a3ce6f","front_cover":{"thumbnail":"/storage/files/styles/thumbnail/books/3b2582bd16a3ce6f/front.jpg","medium":"/storage/files/styles/medium/books/3b2582bd16a3ce6f/front.jpg","medium_rounded":"/storage/files/styles/medium_rounded/books/3b2582bd16a3ce6f/front.png","large":"/storage/files/styles/large/books/3b2582bd16a3ce6f/front.jpg","medium_trans":"/storage/files/styles/medium_trans/books/3b2582bd16a3ce6f/front.png","medium_zoom_fit":"/storage/files/styles/medium_zoom_fit/books/3b2582bd16a3ce6f/front.png"},"price":18000,"ebook_price":9000,"print_price":18000,"rent_3_price":4500,"rent_6_price":6300,"rent_12_price":-1,"rent_1_week_price":-1,"title":"بازار خرما","description":"<p class=\"MsoNormal\" dir=\"RTL\"><span lang=\"FA\" style=\"font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium','sans-serif'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium';\">از دیرباز تا کنون، ایران همواره یکی از بزرگ&zwnj;ترین تولیدکنندگان و صادرکنندگان خرما در جهان بوده است</span><span dir=\"LTR\" style=\"font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium','sans-serif'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium';\">.</span><span lang=\"FA\" style=\"font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium','sans-serif'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium';\"> این محصول ارزشمند نه تنها در مصرف مستقیم داخلی نقش پررنگی دارد، بلکه به&zwnj;عنوان یکی از کالاهای اساسی صادراتی در کشور شناخته می&zwnj;شود. کتاب موسسه مطالعات و پژوهش&zwnj;های بازرگانی با انتشار کتاب بازار خرما، نقشه کاملی برای ساماندهی بازار خرما در کشور و بازارهای بین&zwnj;المللی به خوانندگان ارایه می&zwnj;کند. شما می&zwnj;توانید این کتاب ارزشمند را همین حالا و در همین صفحه از وبسایت مای بوکت تهیه و مطالعه کنید.</span></p>\r\n<h2 dir=\"RTL\"><span lang=\"FA\" style=\"font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium','sans-serif'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium';\">آنچه در کتاب بازار خرما در ایران به خوانندگان ارایه می&zwnj;شود</span></h2>\r\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\" dir=\"RTL\"><span lang=\"FA\" style=\"font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium','sans-serif'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium';\">کتابی که پیش روی شما قرار دارد، در 4 فصل و 180 صفحه مطالب را به خوانندگان ارایه می&zwnj;کند. در فصل نخست کتاب بازار خرما، بازار جهانی خرما به لحاظ مولفه&zwnj;های مهم تشکیل&zwnj;دهنده مانند عرضه و تقاضا، قیمت، تعرفه، ساختار بازار، پیش&zwnj;بینی مولفه&zwnj;های مهم بازار و ضایعات محصول مورد بررسی قرار می&zwnj;گیرد.</span></p>\r\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\" dir=\"RTL\"><span lang=\"FA\" style=\"font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium','sans-serif'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium';\">در فصل بعد، مطالعه کاملی بر روند تولید، مصرف، تجارت، سرمایه&zwnj;گذاری، پیش&zwnj;بینی مصرف، بررسی وضعیت مصرف کالا در سبد مصرفی خانوارها، روند قیمت&zwnj;ها، نظام توزیع، روند صادرات و بازارهای هدف و وضعیت حمایت&zwnj;های در دست، خواهید داشت. در فصول بعدی، ضمن بررسی چالش&zwnj;ها و مشکلات بازار خرمای ایران، برنامه&zwnj;های ساماندهی بازار خرما در کشورهای منتخب و تنظیم بازار خرما در ایران به خوانندگان محترم ارایه خواهد شد.</span></p>\r\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\" dir=\"RTL\"><span lang=\"FA\" style=\"font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium','sans-serif'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium';\">شما می&zwnj;توانید با کلیک بر قسمت &laquo;مطالعه پیش&zwnj;نمایش&raquo; در همین صفحه، فهرست کامل این کتاب را به&zwnj;صورت کاملاً رایگان مشاهده کنید.</span></p>\r\n<h2 dir=\"RTL\"><span lang=\"FA\" style=\"font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium','sans-serif'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium';\">آشنایی با موسسه مطالعات و پژوهش&zwnj;های بازرگانی</span></h2>\r\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\" dir=\"RTL\"><span lang=\"FA\" style=\"font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium','sans-serif'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium';\">کتاب بازار خرما حاصل همکاری میان موسسه مطالعات و پژوهش&zwnj;های بازرگانی با جناب آقای مهدی عبداللهی، گردآورنده کتاب پیش رو است. از سال&nbsp;</span><span dir=\"LTR\" style=\"font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium','sans-serif'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium';\">1390</span><span lang=\"FA\" style=\"font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium','sans-serif'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium';\">، پس از ادغام دو وزارتخانه&nbsp;صنایع و معادن</span><span dir=\"LTR\" style=\"font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium','sans-serif'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium';\">&nbsp;</span><span lang=\"FA\" style=\"font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium','sans-serif'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium';\">و&nbsp;بازرگانی، موسسه مطالعات و پژوهش&zwnj;های بازرگانی تاسیس شد تا رسالتی بزرگ&zwnj;، یعنی انجام تحقیقات، جمع&zwnj;آوری آمار و اطلاعات انجام پژوهش&zwnj;های متنوع جهت تجزیه و تحلیل مسایل اقتصادی- بازرگانی داخلی و خارجی را به سرانجام برساند.</span></p>\r\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\" dir=\"RTL\"><span lang=\"FA\" style=\"font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium','sans-serif'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium';\">در حال حاضر شما می&zwnj;توانید علاوه بر کتاب بازار خرما، کتاب&zwnj;های دیگر شرکت چاپ و نشر بازرگانی را نیز در همین صفحه تماشا و در صورت تمایل، خریداری کنید.</span></p>\r\n<h2 dir=\"RTL\"><span lang=\"FA\" style=\"font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium','sans-serif'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium';\">مای بوکتمطالعه این کتاب را به چه کسانی پیشنهاد می&zwnj;کند؟</span></h2>\r\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\" dir=\"RTL\"><span lang=\"FA\" style=\"font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium','sans-serif'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium';\">کتاب بازار خرما با بررسی کاربردی دنیای محصولات صادراتی کشور، نگاه جامعی به دانشجویان و فعالان حوزه اقتصاد هدیه می&zwnj;دهد. پیشنهاد می&zwnj;کنیم تمامی مهندسان صنایع غذایی و محصولات کشاورزی، این کتاب را به کتابخانه مجازی یا حقیقی خود اضافه کنند.</span></p>\r\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\" dir=\"RTL\"><span lang=\"FA\" style=\"font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium','sans-serif'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'IRANYekanRd Medium';\">شما می&zwnj;توانید همین حالا برای خرید کتاب بازار خرما از طریق همین صفحه در وبسایت مای بوکت اقدام کنید. در این صفحه علاوه بر 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